Invisible Participation: The Hologram Protest in Spain, from Issue Vol. 43, no. 4
Almundena Escobar López
Is it possible to organize a demonstration without actual people? Rosalyn Deutsche describes how, from the standpoint of democracy, the space of politics is “a discursively constructed site” in which laws delimit its “proper usage.”1 Laws dictate the structure of public space, positioning the body and controlling its relation to the political community. In Spain, where representative democracy is only thirty-seven years old, the government has been containing social dissidents by means of strategic laws with the noble excuse of protecting citizens’ security. In 2015, after the economic crisis of 2008 reawakened the old phantoms of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, activists organized a protest with holographic projections of protestors at the doors of the Parliament…
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